2

Theory

 

2.1

General theory of structures

2.1.1

Introduction

In structural engineering terms, a building can be considered as a series of individual interconnected components whose function is to transfer externally applied loads through a structural system into the building’s foundations.

This chapter examines the types of loads that can be applied to structures and the forces that develop within structural components to resist these externally applied loads.

Structural engineering uses the principles of static equilibrium to analyze load distribution. In this chapter the basic concepts of static equilibrium are examined and explained using simple models, while some common mathematical formulae are provided for common beam arrangements. ...

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