Chapter 9

Testing the Equivalenceof a Causal Structure

Full Structural Equation Model

In Chapter 4, I highlighted several problematic aspects of post hoc model fitting in structural equation modeling (SEM). One approach to addressing these issues is to apply some mode of cross-validation analysis, the focus of the present chapter. Accordingly, we examine a full structural equation model and test for its equivalence across calibration and validation samples of elementary school teachers. Before walking you through this procedure, however, allow me first to review some of the issues related to cross-validation.

Cross-Validation in Structural Equation Modeling

In applications of SEM, it is commonplace for researchers to test a hypothesized model ...

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