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Structural Health Monitoring with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors, 2nd Edition by Victor Giurgiutiu

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image (101)

Equations (100), (101) indicate that the amplitude of the time-averaged energy equals one half of the amplitude of the energy function given by Eq. (98) and is proportional to the frequency squared.

To obtain the power, substitute Eq. (97) into Eq. (83) and get

P(x,t)=ce(x,t)=mcω2uˆ2sin2(γxωt) (102)

image (102)

The power amplitude is

Pˆ=mcω2uˆ2 (103)

image (103)

To calculate the time-averaged power, recall Eq. (81), i.e.,

P=Atu˙dA=σu˙A=

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