A backup that copies all files and marks
those files as having been backed up (in
other words, clears the archive attribute). A
normal backup is the most complete form of
A command-line diagnostic utility used to
retrieve information from a DNS name
NTBackup or NTBackup.exe
See Backup Utility.
NTFS (NT File System)
An advanced file system that is designed for
use specifically under the Windows NT,
Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, and
Windows XP operating systems. It supports
file-system recovery, extremely large storage
media, and long filenames.
NTFS data compression
The process of making individual files and
folders occupy less disk space with the
NTFS version 5.0 file system in Windows
XP. Compressed files can be read and writ-
ten to over the network by any Windows-
or DOS-based program without having to be
decompressed first. Files decompress when
opened and recompress when closed. The
NTFS 5 file system handles this entire
process. Compression is simply a file attrib-
ute that you can apply to any file or folder
stored on an NTFS 5 drive volume.
NTFS data encryption
See Encrypting File System.
NTFS disk quota
See disk quota.
A rule associated with a folder, file, or print-
er that regulates which users can gain access
to the object and in what manner. The
object’s owner allows or denies permissions.
The permissions that both NTFS permis-
sions and Share permissions have in com-
mon take precedence if conflicting permis-
sions exist between share permissions and
NTFS permissions on an object.
In the context of performance monitoring
and optimization, a system component that
has numerous counters associated with it.
For example, objects include processor,
memory, system, logical disk, and paging
A feature in Windows XP and Windows
2000 that allows users to continue to work
with network files and programs even when
they are not connected to the network.
When a network connection is restored or
when users dock their mobile computers,
any changes that were made while users
were working offline are updated to the net-
work. When more than one user on the net-
work has made changes to the same file,
users are given the option of saving their
specific versions of the file to the network,
keeping the other version, or saving both.
Also known as client-side caching (CSC).
organizational unit (OU)
A type of container object that is used with-
in Active Directory and within the
LDAP/X.500 information model to group
other objects and classes together for easier
See paging file.
A system file that is an extension of RAM
which is stored on the disk drive as a kind of
A section on a basic disk that is created
from free space so that data can be stored
on it. On a basic disk, you can create up to
four primary partitions or up to three pri-
mary partitions and one extended partition.