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Surface Engineering and Technology for Biomedical Implants by Yoshiki Oshida

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Chapter 5

Surface Modification

Although a material possesses excellent mechanical properties, if it does not meet requirements for an acceptable surface feature, the surface layer needs to be manipulated. In this chapter, nature and interface are first characterized, followed by a detailed discussion on surface modification technologies and preparation of coating materials.

5.1. Introduction

Some surfaces are already biocompatible per se; on the other hand, the other types of surfaces are required to modify the surface layer to show acceptable biocompatibility. The interaction between the implant surface and the living body will take place right after placing the implant into patient’s body, and faster and earlier fixation or fusing to receiving ...

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