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Sustainable Engineering: Concepts, Design, and Case Studies by David R. Shonnard, David T. Allen

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Chapter 5. Design for Sustainability: Economic, Environmental, and Social Indicators

5.1. Introduction

Engineers play an important role in global sustainable development by designing production systems for materials, minerals, chemicals, energy, electricity generation and distribution, transportation, buildings and other structures, and consumer products. These designs have impacts on the environment, economies, and societies at spatial scales that vary from local to global and at temporal scales that vary from minutes to decades. As engineers create designs, they not only evaluate their designs at multiple spatial and temporal scales, they also embed their designs in complex systems.

The field of transportation provides an illustration of the ...

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