CHAPTER

2

ON DISCIPLINARY EXPERTISE IN PROJECT-BASED ORGANIZATIONS

While projects have long been used in industries where activities are of a one-off nature, for example, in the development and delivery of complex products and systems (Hobday, 2000), for the last decades, they have proliferated into industries where “projects have not previously been part of the canonical repertoire of organizational routines and practices” (Grabher, 2002, p. 206). It has been suggested that a projectification of the society, and of the firm, has taken place (Ekstedt, Lundin, Söderholm, & Wirdenius, 1999; Midler, 1995). This projectification of the firm, with its corresponding reliance on interdisciplinary and co-located teams, is perhaps not surprising ...

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