How it works...

Let's step through the preceding code line by line to understand it:

 let phrase: String = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog"

We designate that we want to assign a constant by using the let keyword, and we give that constant a name--phrase. After the :, we define the type of constant we want to assign; in this case, we want to assign a String (String is how most programming languages refer to text). The = sign indicates that we are assigning a value to the constant we have defined, and The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog is a String literal, which means that it's an easy way to construct a string. So, we are assigning the String literal on the right-hand side of the = sign to the constant on the left-hand ...

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