Rating and Ranking Universities, What Criteria Is Most Aligned with Creating T-Shaped Faculty and Students?

Gary S. Metcalf,1 and Stuart A. Umpleby2


For many years people in government and business organizations have urged universities to try to produce T-shaped people who have both technical expertise and an ability to work well with others. In recent years universities have moved strongly in the opposite direction, toward greater specialization. This article will describe why this change has occurred and the effect on universities and on the creation of T-shaped people. We end with two suggestions: One way to broaden the thinking of students is to increase the attention paid to multidisciplinary fields such as systems science. ...

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