5

The Flowering of Modern Technology

In this chapter we examine the developments in the various fields of technology that followed the Industrial Revolution. Developments in machine tools, like the lathe, planing machine, etc., helped the further improvement of the steam engine and the steam turbine. The hydraulic turbine followed. The familiarity with the basic mechanism and the knowledge of thermodynamics led to the development of the gas engine and the internal combustion engine. Their extension to rockets enabled us to break away from the barriers of Earth’s gravity and reach out to the planets and beyond. Metallurgy advanced with the Bessemer converter, followed by the Siemens process, plasma smelt process, etc. Electrical technology, as ...

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