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Telecommunication Networks by Eugenio Iannone

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2 Drivers for Telecommunication Network Evolution

2.1 Market of Telecom Carriers

The telecommunication market has been, for a long time, characterized by a set of very specific features that distinguished it from all other markets.

Up to the early 1990s, there was almost no competition due to the legal monopoly existing in the main western European countries and the practical monopoly existing in the United States.

As a matter of fact, in all the western European countries, telecommunication services were managed by a single carrier, either directly owned by the administration itself or operating under an exclusive contract with the administration [1].

The situation was quite different in the United States, where after the split of old AT&T ...

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