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Terrestrial Radiation Effects in ULSI Devices and Electronic Systems by Eishi H. Ibe

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Chapter 7Prediction, Detection and Classification Techniques of Faults, Errors and Failures

7.1 Overview of Failures in the Field

Table 7.1 summarises recent concerns in various fields of industries related to SEEs (Single Event Effects) with applications, possible root causes and observable failure symptoms [1–22].

Table 7.1 State-of-the-art failure reports by terrestrial neutrons in various industries

Field Application Root cause Failure symptom References
Airplane X by wire SEU/SEL/SEFI Reboot Matthews [1]
Railway GTOa IGBTb SEBc Out-of-service Normand [22]
Network Server SEUd/MCUe/SELf Data corruption/reboot Slayman [3], Schindlbeck [4]
Router SEU/MCU/SEL Reboot/address change Shimbo [5]
Data centre SEU/MCU/SEL Power consumption due to redundancy Falsafi [6]
Core network SEU/MCU Not Available http://www.ntt.co.jp/news2013/1303e/130321a.html
Power supply (DC-DC converter) SEB/SEL Out-of-service Rivetta [7]
Super computer SDCg Unrecognisable wrong calculation/power consumption by redundancy Geist [8] and Daly [9]
Automobile Brake by wire SEU/MCU/SEL Non-stop/sudden stop Skarin [12] and Baumeister [13]
Steering SEU/MCU/SEL Stick/unexpected rotation Vaskova [16]
Engine control SEU/MCU/SEL Sudden acceleration/No operation Nakata [23]
CANh/LINi SEU/MCU/SEL Communication error Lopez-Ongil [15] and Vaskova [16]
Pedestrian detection by using GPUj SEU/MCU/SEL Missing pedestrians Rech [18]
IGBT SEB Out-of-service Shoji [19] and Nishida [20] ...

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