2.1 Proactive Classroom Management
The best classroom management involves anticipating potential problems and avoiding them through careful planning and prevention.
Create a Positive Classroom Environment
Ensure the following in your classroom:
- It is structured and well organized (clear schedule, routines, rules, careful planning of seating and physical space).
- It is calm and predictable.
- It has clearly defined, taught, and practiced procedures that become automatic routines of classroom operation.
- It focuses on the use of positive reinforcement for appropriate behavior.
- It has clear rules and behavioral guidelines, backed up with fair corrective consequences that are enforced predictably and consistently.
- It is respectful and supportive.
- It is warm, welcoming, and inclusive.
- It is flexible and accommodates the needs of individual students.
- It has high academic and behavioral expectations.
- It builds on students’ skills of self-management (while supporting those who struggle in this area).
- It is emotionally as well as physically safe; students are not fearful of making mistakes or looking or sounding foolish and, consequently, are willing to risk participation.
See List 2.3 for numerous strategies for engineering the classroom environment for the success of all students, particularly those with ADHD.
Establish Rules and Behavioral Expectations
- Limit to a few (four or five) well-defined ...