2.10 Preventing Behavior Problems during Transitions and “Challenging Times” of the School Day
Transitions take place frequently during a school day and account for a significant amount of instructional time wasted when students do not transition quickly. Effective classroom management requires routines and procedures that students learn and practice repeatedly for smooth transitions. Students with ADHD have the greatest behavioral difficulties in the classroom during transition times of the day and changes of activity, as well as settings outside the classroom that have less structure and supervision, such as the playground, cafeteria, hallways, and bathrooms.
- Entering the classroom routines and procedures are essential for starting the school day or class period calmly and efficiently.
- Be prepared before school or the class period begins with the opening activity and prepared materials.
- Communicate clearly when activities will begin and when they will end and give specific instructions about how students are to switch to the next activity.
- Clearly teach, model, and have students repeatedly practice transition procedures. This includes activities such as quick and quiet movement from their desks to the carpet or other central area, putting away and taking out materials, lining up, and moving to the next learning station.
- Use signals for transitions to alert students that an activity is coming to an end and they need to finish whatever they are doing.
- Train ...