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The ADHD Book of Lists: A Practical Guide for Helping Children and Teens with Attention Deficit Disorders, 2nd Edition by Sandra F. Rief

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3.5 Adaptations of Assignments and Materials

Students with ADHD (particularly those with coexisting learning disabilities) commonly need accommodations and modifications as well as extra support or tools to help them with assignments and enable them to demonstrate their learning.

Accommodations and Modifications of Assignments

  • Reduce the number of paper-and-pencil tasks. Provide accommodations to bypass written output difficulties and allow students to show their mastery or understanding of subject matter through means other than writing; possibilities are demonstrations, verbal responses, oral exams, and projects.
  • Modify or otherwise adjust the length of tasks. Shorten assignments or work periods.
  • For written tasks, allow student to use cursive handwriting or printing (whichever is easier for the student and more legible to read) or the computer.
  • Allow student to dictate responses while someone else records or transcribes them.
  • Reduce the amount of required copying from the board or books. Provide a photocopy or copying assistance instead.
  • Record assignments clearly for students to see and in a consistent location, such as a designated area of the board.
  • Back up oral directions with written instructions.
  • Provide directions that are clear and listed step-by-step with a few words and pictures if appropriate.
  • Simplify complex directions.
  • Monitor the student closely as he or she begins assignments to ensure understanding.
  • Assist students in getting started on assignments.
  • Many students ...

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