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The ADHD Book of Lists: A Practical Guide for Helping Children and Teens with Attention Deficit Disorders, 2nd Edition by Sandra F. Rief

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3.6 Testing Adaptations and Supports

As pointed out in List 3.1, in many cases, the same adaptation can be either an accommodation or modification, depending on what is being measured. For example, reading an exam aloud to a student is an accommodation if the test is not assessing reading ability, just content knowledge. It would be a modification if reading skill is being measured in some way.

Following is an extensive list of possible adaptations to be considered when trying to provide a fair assessment of students’ learning. Included are recommendations to keep in mind when preparing exams for all students. Others should be considered as accommodations or modifications for students who are unable to demonstrate their comprehension or mastery of the content material under normal testing conditions and criteria.

  • Prior to testing, conduct extensive reviews.
  • Provide students with all handouts and test copies that are easy to read (typed, written in clear language, at least double-spaced, clean copies, and with ample margins).
  • Avoid handwritten tests.
  • Eliminate unnecessary words and confusing language in the test.
  • State directions in clear terms and simple sentences.
  • Underline or color-highlight directions or key words in the directions.
  • Provide many opportunities for short-answer assessment: multiple choice, matching, and other similar questions.
  • On vocabulary tests, give the definition and have the student supply the word rather than providing the word and having the student fill ...

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