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The ADHD Book of Lists: A Practical Guide for Helping Children and Teens with Attention Deficit Disorders, 2nd Edition by Sandra F. Rief

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3.8 Research-Based Instructional Approaches and Intervention Resources

This list describes key instructional strategies and approaches for helping students with varying learning challenges to access the curriculum and achieve grade-level standards. For students with ADHD who also have coexisting learning disabilities as well as executive function impairments, these strategies and instructional elements are particularly important for success in general education classrooms.

Universal Design for Learning (UDL)

  • This is a research-based educational framework first defined by the Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST) in the 1990s for creating curriculum from the outset designed to remove barriers and provide all learners with various ways of acquiring information and knowledge, and multiple means of student engagement and expression.
  • “UDL is a set of principles for curriculum development that give all individuals equal opportunities to learn. UDL provides a blueprint for creating instructional goals, methods, materials, and assessments that work for everyone—not a single, one-size-fits-all solution but rather flexible approaches that can be customized and adjusted for individual needs” (CAST, n-d).
  • See UDL information and tools from CAST (www.cast.org), the National UDL Center (www.udlcenter.org), and The IRIS Center (http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/) in the “Sources and Resources” section of this list.

Differentiated Instruction

Carol Ann Tomlinson, an educational leader ...

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