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The ADHD Book of Lists: A Practical Guide for Helping Children and Teens with Attention Deficit Disorders, 2nd Edition by Sandra F. Rief

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4.2 Strategies to Aid Memory

List 4.1 discusses working memory, which is a key executive dysfunction in individuals with ADHD. In addition to the WM strategies and supports described in List 4.1, this list shares more strategies to aid memory for learning and retention of information.

Use Mnemonics

Mnemonics are memory devices or tricks that help us remember information by associating it with something familiar. Mnemonics include techniques such as acronyms, acrostics, keywords, pegwords, and more.

  • Teach children to create first-letter mnemonics (acronyms and acrostics) to help them remember steps in a process or procedure, sequences, or other information.

Examples of Acronyms

  • HOMES (the Great Lakes): Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior
  • ROY G. BIV (the seven colors in the spectrum of the rainbow): red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet
  • SCUBA: self-contained underwater breathing apparatus
  • RICE (for how to treat a sprain): rest, ice, compress, elevate

Examples of Acrostics

    • Dead Monsters Smell Bad (the steps for long division): divide, multiply, subtract, bring down
    • Every Good Boy Does Fine (the sequence of lines in the treble clef): E, G, B, D, F
    • Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally (the order for solving algebraic equations): parentheses, exponents, multiplication, division, addition, subtraction. This is also remembered by the acronym, PEMDAS.
  • Many cognitive learning strategies use acronyms and acrostics, and examples can be found throughout this book (Lists 4.3, ...

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