4.8 What Teachers Can Do to Help with Time Management
Students with ADHD often have significant difficulty with time awareness and time management. This is an executive function impairment that causes many problems at school. It is important for teachers to understand that lateness and being oblivious to deadlines and due dates is not intentional behavior or apathy but is part of the student's disorder.
- Any opportunity to practice time estimation is helpful in increasing such awareness. For example, challenge your students to estimate how long it takes to walk to the office and back without running or any other task. Make a game out of predicting, timing, and checking the students' time estimates for various activities.
- Encourage self-monitoring during independent seatwork time by recording the start time on the paper. When the work period is over, record the time, regardless of how much work the student actually produced. This is helpful documentation as well with regard to how well the student is able to stay on task and work productively.
- Help students see how they spend their time in the course of twenty-four hours (eating, sleeping, in school, in extracurricular activities, and so forth) with an assignment over the course of a few days to a week. Parents will also be involved in the assignment—helping their child track time spent on his or her activities before and after school.
- Use timers. Visual timers that enable students to see the passage of time are beneficial ...