7.10 ADHD and Gifted (Dual Exceptionalities)
Twice exceptional or dual exceptional (also referred to as 2e) students are those who are gifted and also have a disability such as ADHD, dyslexia or another learning disability, or Asperger's syndrome. Some children with ADHD have multiple exceptionalities. For example, they are gifted and have ADHD and dyslexia. These children have very high potential in one or more areas and significant learning challenges in others. A twice exceptional student might, for example, be very advanced in math and well below grade level in reading. Because of lack of awareness, understanding, and appropriate diagnosis, students with dual exceptionalities may fall through the cracks and not receive appropriate services.
- The federal government's educational definition of gifted and talented students are those “who give evidence of high achievement capability in areas such as intellectual, creative, artistic, or leadership capacity, or in specific academic fields, and who need services or activities not ordinarily provided by the school in order to fully develop those capabilities” (No Child Left Behind Act, 2004).
- States and districts vary in their criteria for identifying gifted students and how to deliver special services, programs, and activities to children meeting eligibility criteria.
- Most identification happens in schools and is for the purpose of selecting students to participate in the school's gifted program. There are no nation-wide ...