An online version of these notes with clickable hyperlinks is available at


1. Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, October 28, 1813, in The Adams-Jefferson Letters: The Complete Correspondence between Thomas Jefferson and Abigail and John Adams, ed. Lester J. Cappon, 2 vols. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1959), vol. 2, 387–92.

2. Thomas Jefferson to George Washington, November 14, 1786, in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, ed. Julian P. Boyd (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950), vol. 10, 532–33 [hereafter, Papers of Jefferson].

3. Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, September 6, 1789, Papers of Jefferson, vol. 15, 395–97.


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