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The Antivirus Hacker's Handbook by Elias Bachaalany, Joxean Koret

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Chapter 8Evading Scanners

Antivirus scanner evasion is different from antivirus signature evasion in the sense that you are actually evading the engine instead of signatures for a specific file format (which was covered in the previous chapter).

An antivirus scanner can be considered the heart of the antivirus support system. Among many other tasks performed by an AV scanner, it is also responsible for launching generic detections and signatures against the file under analysis. As such, evading a scanner means evading a whole set of signatures, the scanning engine, and the detection logic. In this chapter, you discover how to evade both static scanners (which only focus on files that are on disk) and dynamic scanners (which focus on the behavior of the program or that perform memory analysis).

Generic Evasion Tips and Tricks

You can use some general tips and tricks to evade a scanner. For example, big files are often excluded by many analysis routines. Although this offers a minor performance improvement, it is important, especially when talking about desktop antivirus solutions that need to run as fast as possible without slowing down the system. Because of the imposed file size limit, you can trick the scanner into skipping a file by changing the file's size to make it larger than the hard-coded size limit. This file size limit applies especially with heuristic engines based on static data (data extracted from the portable executable, or PE, header). Another tip is that, ...

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