3. The Cerebellum as a Neuronal Machine

3-1. Introduction

In the 1960s, the cerebellum was considered to be an elaborate neuronal machine composed of intricate neuronal circuits with geometrical refinement. It was thought to process information that was critical for the acquisition of motor skills. During the five subsequent decades, research on the cerebellum has been devoted largely to addressing questions about how its neuronal circuits are constructed and function, and what specific roles they play. The principles of modern systems control, particularly adaptive and model-based control, have been introduced. Furthermore, the role of the cerebellum in the manifestation of intelligence is now under consideration. This progress is summarized ...

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