Chapter 17
Selections from Republican Rome
In This Chapter
◆ Terence and his writings
◆ Caesar and his writings
◆ Cicero and his writings
After the expulsion of the kings in 509 B.C.E. and the formation of the republic, the inhabitants of Rome gradually expanded their power and influence, first throughout Italy and then to the whole Mediterranean world. By 166 B.C.E., the time of Terence, many Romans had become well-educated citizens, knowing Greek as well as their own developing language, Latin.
The literature that remains from early Rome through the fall of the republic is wonderfully varied. Letters, although often edited for publication, reveal personal life. The Commentaries from Caesar are the first written record of Western Europe. Through ...

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