Chapter 18
Selections from Vitruvius et al.
In This Chapter
◆ Vitruvius and his writings
◆ Livy and his writings
◆ Pliny and his writings
◆ The Fables of Phaedrus
Blissfully unaware that he was making the transition from 1 B.C.E. to 1 C.E., Augustus attempted to establish a “pax Augusta,” peaceful times that enabled poets, writers, and essayists to produce at a prodigious rate. Generous patronage continued, and writers became more independent of their Greek predecessors. National consciousness was high, as seen in Vergil’s and Livy’s works, but then slowly ebbed away to a more personalized, private outlook. Histories, literary criticism, technical writing, and compilations were only part of the empire’s contributions to Latin literature.

Vitruvius ...

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