The Complete Idiot's Guide to Backpacking and Hiking

Book Description

A guide so thorough it will send you packing...
Backpacking remains one of the most popular, and inexpensive, outdoor activities in America. The Complete Idiot's Guide (r) to Backpacking and Hiking helps anyone prepare and plan for a rewarding adventure. Covers planning, training, shopping and packing for the trip.
-How to live on the trail
-First aid and other safety tips
-Practical time- and money-saving hints
-What gear is necessary and what isn't
-Special considerations when travelling with groups or pets

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Dedication
  5. Contents
  6. Introduction
  7. Part 1: The Great Outdoors on Foot
    1. 1 Get Started with Day-Hiking
      1. Day-Hiking vs. Backpacking
      2. Where to Go
        1. Hikes Near You
        2. Destination Day-Hikes
      3. Types of Trails
        1. Out-and-Backs vs. Loop Trails
        2. Flat Terrain vs. Elevation Gain
      4. Pick a Goal
      5. Hiking for All Seasons
      6. Preparing for Bad Weather and Other Challenges
        1. Avoiding Crowds
        2. Avoiding Bugs
    2. 2 Hiking for All Ages and Types
      1. Solo Hiking
      2. Singles and Social Hiking
      3. Finding Hiking Partners
        1. Joining a Hiking Club
      4. Hiking in Groups
      5. Hiking as a Couple: Pleasures and Pitfalls
      6. Hiking with Children
        1. Infants (6 Months to 2 Years)
        2. Toddlers (3 to 5 Years)
        3. Preteens (6 to 12 Years)
        4. Teenagers (13+ Years)
        5. Kid-Specific Gear
        6. Motivating Kids to Hike
      7. Hiking with Dogs
        1. Where Dogs Are Allowed
        2. Food and Water
        3. Health and Safety
      8. Hiking for Life: Older Hikers
      9. Hikers with Disabilities
    3. 3 Camping Overnight
      1. Spending the Night Outside
      2. Types of Campgrounds
        1. Private Campgrounds
        2. State and Local Parks
        3. National Parks and Forests
      3. Finding a Campground
        1. Map and Internet Searches
        2. Campsite Ratings
      4. Reserving a Campsite
      5. Ways to Camp Overnight
        1. RVs and Campers
        2. Cabins, Huts, and Lean-Tos
        3. Car-Camping
        4. Backcountry Camping
      6. Choosing the Best Campsite
      7. Arranging a Campsite
        1. The Sleeping Area
        2. The Cooking Area
        3. Storing Your Gear
    4. 4 Backpacking Basics
      1. Carrying It All on Your Back
      2. Trails for the Long Haul
        1. Start on the Web
        2. Check Out National Parks and Forests
        3. Hit the Books
        4. Ask Around, Then Do Your Homework
      3. Planning Overnight Trips
        1. Where to Begin
        2. Judging Distance and Terrain
        3. Preparing for Hiking’s Ups and Downs
        4. Calling a Halt
        5. Leaving in a Hurry
        6. Keeping Your Canteen Full
      4. A Place to Pitch Your Tent
        1. Established Campsites
        2. Camping in the Middle of Nowhere
      5. Dotting All the I’s
        1. Prehike Paperwork
        2. Press “5” to Reserve a Backcountry Campsite
        3. Car Spotting
      6. The Final Countdown
        1. Sunny with a Good Chance of Fun
        2. Spread the News
    5. 5 Training Your Body for the Trail
      1. First Things First
      2. Basic Training
        1. Walking to Fitness
        2. Training from “9 to 5”
      3. Building a Stronger Hiker
        1. When to Start Lifting
        2. How Much Is Enough?
        3. How Often?
        4. Training at the Gym
        5. Your Lower Body
        6. Your Back
        7. Getting Limber
      4. Getting a Move On
        1. Follow Your Heart
        2. Training for Ups and Downs
        3. Aim for Impact
      5. Exercising at Every Age
        1. Age 18-35
        2. Age 36-55
        3. Age 55 and Over
      6. Realistic Training
    6. 6 Never Get Lost (Again)
      1. Types of Maps
        1. Road Maps
        2. Park Maps
        3. Topographical Maps
      2. A Note on Scales
      3. Finding Topographical Maps
        1. In a Store
        2. Over the Phone and Internet
        3. Ask the Government
        4. Make Your Own Map
      4. Reading a Topographical Map
        1. Learn the Legend
        2. Finding Yourself
        3. Reading Contour Lines
      5. Getting Oriented
        1. The Orienteering Compass
      6. Compass Navigation
        1. About Declination
        2. Correcting for Declination
        3. Orientating Your Map
        4. Headings and Bearings
      7. Upgrading to a GPS
        1. How a GPS Works
        2. Choosing the Right GPS
      8. Unlocking Your GPS Potential
        1. Digital Maps
        2. Electronic Compass and Altimeter
        3. Waypoints
        4. Routes
        5. Tracks
  8. Part 2: Gearing Up
    1. 7 Essentials for Every Trip
      1. What Are the Essentials?
      2. Who Should Carry the Essentials?
      3. Map and Compass
      4. A Light in the Dark
      5. Knives and Multitools
      6. First Aid Kit
      7. Fire Starters and Tinder
      8. Additional Clothing or Emergency Shelters
        1. When It’s Warm
        2. When It’s Cold
      9. Gear Repair Kit
      10. Signaling Devices
      11. Rain Gear
      12. Extra Food and Water
      13. Sunscreen
      14. Insect Repellent
    2. 8 Welcome to Gear World
      1. Using What You Already Own
        1. Making a List
        2. Check Your Closet
        3. What Not to Bring
      2. Replacing Old and Broken Gear
        1. Watch for Slow Leaks
        2. Out with the Old, In with the New
      3. The Smart Hiker’s Guide to Buying Gear
        1. The Call of Retail
        2. Online Shopping: Point, Click, and Save
        3. Smart Ways to Save
        4. Buying Garage Sale Gear
      4. Get Help from Product Reviews
      5. Making Your Own Gear
      6. How New Gear Could Make You a Better Hiker
        1. The Rise of the Ultralight
        2. Pack Only What You Need
      7. Treating Your Gear Right
        1. Keeping It Clean
        2. Keeping It Organized
    3. 9 Footwear Fundamentals
      1. The Shape of Shoes
        1. Light and Fast
        2. Sturdy and Slow
      2. Even More Choices
        1. Trail Runners
        2. Light Hiker Boots
        3. Midweight Boots
        4. Winter and Mountaineering Boots
      3. Finding a Good Fit
        1. Slippery Heels
        2. Getting Out of a Toe Jam
      4. Earning a Ph.D. in Bootology
        1. Judging a Boot by Its Cover
        2. All About Sole
        3. Weighing Your Options
        4. Keeping the Wet Out
      5. End-of-the-Day Shoes
      6. Slipping on Socks
      7. Giving Dirt and Odor the Boot
        1. Cleaning Your Boots
        2. Revitalizing Waterproof Protection
    4. 10 Outdoor Clothing 101
      1. What Not to Wear
      2. Be a Fabric Detective
        1. Synthetics
        2. Fleece
        3. Wool
        4. Down
        5. Synthetic Insulation
      3. Always Dress in Layers
        1. The Layering Advantage
        2. You’ve Got Options
        3. Getting Dressed Layer by Layer
      4. The Proof in Waterproofing
        1. Staying Dry
        2. There’s Nothing Soft About Soft Shells
      5. It’s Okay to Accessorize
        1. Head Gear
        2. Gloves and Mittens
        3. Gaiters
        4. Rain Pants
      6. Fabrics That Give You an Edge
        1. Sun-Protective Clothing
        2. Bugs Be Gone
        3. Leaving Odors Behind
      7. Caring for High-Tech Clothing
        1. Wash and Dry with Care
        2. Making Waterproof Barriers Last
    5. 11 Hauling Your Gear
      1. Packing for a Single Day
        1. The All-Around Contender
        2. A Pack for Your Bum, but Not a Bum Pack
        3. The Tanker Pack
      2. When You Need a Bigger Pack
        1. The Right Size, Not Oversize
        2. Measuring Up and Down
        3. Start with a Weekender Pack
      3. The Right Stuff
        1. Internal Frames
        2. External Frames
        3. Top Loaders
        4. Panel Loaders
        5. Load Lifters
        6. Compression Straps
        7. Lid Pocket
        8. Shovel Pocket
        9. Water Bottle Holsters
      4. Making Sure It Fits
        1. A New Way to Measure Yourself
        2. Trying It on for Size
      5. The Testing Phase
        1. The Smart Way to Put on a Pack
        2. Putting It Through Its Paces
      6. Specialty Packs
        1. Women’s Packs
        2. Youth Packs
        3. Ultralight Packs
      7. How to Load a Backpack
      8. Keeping Your Stuff Dry
      9. Make It Last for Years
  9. Part 3: Living on the Trail
    1. 12 Shelter from the Storm
      1. Why a Tent?
      2. Counting Heads, Feet, and Inches
        1. Tents That Go the Distance
        2. Room for the Whole Family
      3. The Nuts and Bolts of Your Tent
        1. Inner Canopy
        2. Rainfly
        3. Poles
        4. Guy Lines
        5. Stakes
        6. Vestibule
        7. Footprint
      4. Shopping for a Portable House
        1. The Shape of Your Shelter
        2. Surface Matters
        3. Stopping Moisture on the Inside
        4. Other Shelters
      5. Where to Stake Your Claim
      6. Organizing for the Overnight
      7. Building the Perfect Sleep System
        1. The Good Kind of Body Bag
        2. Two Ways to Stay Warmer
        3. Ensuring Your Bag Is Warm (or Cool) Enough
        4. Why Cleaner Equals Warmer
        5. Between You and the Cold, Hard Ground
    2. 13 The Outdoor Kitchen
      1. Big Effort Equals Big Hunger
        1. Loading Up on Calories
        2. And Maintaining a Balanced Diet
        3. High-Energy Snack Attack
      2. Making a Menu
        1. Finding Trail-Friendly Recipes
        2. Delicious Meals from Simple to Gourmet
        3. Dealing with Perishables
        4. The Dehydrated Solution
      3. From the Supermarket to Your Pack
        1. Backpacker-Friendly Ingredients
        2. Filling Your Pack with Food
      4. The Outdoor Chef
        1. Cook Kits and Utensils
        2. Cooking Over Flames
        3. Stovetop Cooking
        4. Fueling Up
        5. How to Prevent Singed Eyebrows
        6. Flying with Stoves and Fuel
    3. 14 Liquid Refreshment
      1. Your Body Needs Water
        1. How Much to Carry
        2. How Much to Drink
      2. Hauling Water on the Trail
        1. Bottle It
        2. Suck It Up
      3. Where to Find Water
        1. Refilling Along the Trail
        2. Refilling at Camp
      4. Making Water Safe to Drink
        1. Waterborne Contaminants
        2. Chemical Purification
        3. Pump Filtration
        4. Find the Cleanest Water
        5. Boiling
        6. Ultraviolet Light
        7. Gravity Filters
      5. Cleaning and Storage
        1. Bottles
        2. Bladders
        3. Filters
      6. Other Drink Options
    4. 15 Hygiene on the Trail
      1. Staying Clean in a Dirty World
        1. Washing Your Hands
        2. Cleaning Yourself from Head to Toe
        3. Showering in the Woods
        4. Sponge Bath 101
        5. Don’t Forget to Brush (and Floss)
      2. Inside a Hiker’s Toiletry Kit
        1. What Do You Mean, No Deodorant?
        2. Bio Soap
        3. Drying Out
      3. Keeping Your Clothes Fresh
        1. Changing Clothes
        2. Cleaning Clothes
      4. Keeping Kids Clean
      5. Women’s Trail Hygiene
      6. When Nature Calls
        1. Taking a Leak
        2. Using a Latrine
        3. Digging a Cat Hole
      7. Low-Impact Camping
  10. Part 4: Surviving the Outdoors
    1. 16 How to Survive
      1. How to Get Lost
        1. The Common Causes
        2. Day-Hikers Beware!
      2. Deciding When You’re in Trouble
      3. First Priorities
        1. Water
        2. Food
        3. Shelter
        4. Morale
      4. Leading the Lost
      5. Sorting Fact from Fiction
      6. How to Get Found
        1. Stay Put or Keep Going?
        2. Attracting Attention
        3. Calling for Help
      7. How to Hike Out
        1. Finding Your Location
        2. How to Reach Your Goal
      8. Spending the Night Outside
        1. Building a Shelter
        2. Making a Fire
        3. Staying Warm and Dry
    2. 17 First Aid
      1. An Ounce of Prevention
      2. Blisters Be Gone
        1. Preventing Blisters
        2. Treating Blisters
      3. Muscle Aches and Pains
      4. Ankle Twists and Sprains
      5. Wounds That Bleed
      6. Getting Burned
        1. First-Degree Burns
        2. Serious Burns
      7. Broken Bones
      8. Trauma and Shock
      9. Hypothermia
      10. Heat Exhaustion and Stroke
      11. Frostbite
      12. Allergic Reaction
      13. Intestinal Distress
      14. Evacuating a Victim
    3. 18 The Wild Things
      1. Look, Don’t Touch
        1. Eastern Poison Ivy
        2. Pacific Poison Oak
      2. Treating Skin Reactions
      3. Eat Shoots and Leaves
      4. The Bear Essentials
        1. Excuse Me, What Kind of Bear Are You?
        2. How to React
        3. Bear Avoidance
      5. Say Hello to the 150-Pound Kitty-Cat
      6. Venomous Snakes
      7. Creepy Crawlies
        1. Mosquitoes
        2. Ticks
      8. Protecting Your Camp Saves Wildlife
        1. Common Camp Raiders
        2. Keeping a Clean Camp
        3. Hanging a Bear Bag
      9. Observing Wildlife
      10. Stranger Dangers
    4. 19 High-Country Hazards
      1. Finding Mountains
      2. Navigating Steep Trails
        1. Maintaining Balance
        2. Fear Is a Good Thing
      3. Getting in Pole Position
      4. Basic Mountaineering Skills
        1. How to Scramble
        2. Scree and Talus
        3. Hiking on Snow and Ice
      5. River Crossings
      6. Severe Weather
        1. Lightning Danger
        2. Avoiding Strikes
        3. High Winds
        4. Low Visibility
      7. Overnight at High Elevation
    5. 20 Expanding Your Skills
      1. Hiking at Night
        1. Fun after Dark
        2. Using Only Your Eyes
      2. Navigating Off-Trail
      3. Hiking Long Trails
      4. Winter Hiking and Camping
        1. Stay Warm When It’s Cold
        2. Shoes Built for Snow
      5. Trips That Go Beyond the Trail
        1. Learn to Save Lives
        2. Get on Board with Geocaching
        3. Race to More Adventure
        4. Giving Back to the Outdoors
      6. Power to the Pedal
        1. Joining an Organized Tour
        2. Cycling Solo
        3. Gearing Up for the Road
      7. Traveling by Canoe and Kayak
        1. Where You Can Float
        2. Outfitting Your Boat
  11. Appendixes
    1. A Glossary
    2. B Resources
    3. C Equipment Checklists

Product Information

  • Title: The Complete Idiot's Guide to Backpacking and Hiking
  • Author(s): Jason Stevenson
  • Release date: April 2010
  • Publisher(s): Alpha
  • ISBN: 9781101222973