Chapter 15
History is full of single battles that have turned the tide of entire wars. The very first battle of which we have any knowledge, at Megiddo in Palestine, brought Egypt to the height of its power in 1469 B.C.E. The Battle of Hastings in 1066 ended Saxon rule in England and established the Normans there. The Battle of Yorktown in 1781 heralded America’s victory in the Revolution. The Battle of Waterloo, 1815, ended forever Napoleon’s dream of dominating Europe. And the Battle of Gettysburg—July 1 through 3, 1863—was the certain beginning of the certain end of the Confederate States of America. This chapter tells the story of the horrific, heroic three-day battle on which many believe the outcome of the Civil War turned. ...

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