Introduction
Of the 1,556,000 soldiers who served in the Union army during the Civil War, 359,528 were killed and 275,175 were wounded. Of the approximately 850,000 men of the Confederate forces, at least 258,000 died, and some 225,000 were wounded. This means that 41 percent of the Union soldiers and 56 percent of the Confederate soldiers who fought were either killed or wounded.
The population of the Northern states in 1860, the year before war began, was 22 million, including 4 million men of combat age. That of the Confederate states was 9 million (of whom almost 4 million were slaves), including 1,140,000 men of combat age. The 1,117,703 casualties on both sides represented 3.6 percent of the total U.S. population; however, 21 percent—more ...

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