Options for Reform of the U.S. Health-Care System

This section summarizes the major options for reforming the U.S. health-care system and explains the terminology. No option calls for banning private insurance or for forbidding anyone from paying for his own insurance or health care.

Universal Health Care

Universal health care refers to any system that covers or aims to cover every citizen in a nation, state, or other jurisdiction. Ideally, it covers medical, dental, and mental health care, but the latter two are often slighted and sometimes only a basic level of care may be provided. Universal care usually occurs through single-payer or state-owned facilities staffed by government employees. In the United States, universal health care generally ...

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