Only two kinds of people are referred to as “parties” in a lawsuit: plaintiffs and defendants.
Every lawsuit starts with a person or company with a problem they want the courts to solve. Whatever entity starts the lawsuit with the court is called the plaintiff. The plaintiff may also be called “the complainant” or “the complaining party,” because the document that begins the lawsuit is called “the complaint.”
JUST THE FACTS
The parties’ last names are used to make up the case name or case title for the lawsuit. For example, a case is referred to as “Jones v. Smith,” not “Mary and John Jones v. Sam Smith.” The plaintiff’s ...