The Court System
You know that there are three branches to the United States government—the Legislative, the Executive, and the Judiciary. You’re probably more familiar with their common names—Congress, the President, and the judicial system. Most states have a similar structure, in which the courts are a separate branch of government.
Different courts have different jobs. In most lawsuits, you’ll begin in a trial court, which has the power to hear and decide your case. Trial courts are further classified by the type of problem they handle, like bankruptcy courts, probate courts, and courts of “general jurisdiction,” which pretty much handle the bulk of the lawsuits that are filed.
Within the general court system, different courts hear different ...