How Is the Law Decided?
The American legal system relies on two kinds of laws to come to a decision in trials. The first kind of law is what people generally think of when they think of the law: statutes passed by Congress or some governmental body. The second kind of law interprets the statutes, and is called “case law” or “common law.” It’s law that’s made by judges as they decide individual cases that come before the courts for solutions. The difference between the law created by the legislature and the law created by the courts is that the legislature creates general rules, and the courts create specific interpretations and applications of the legislature’s rules based on the facts of cases that come before the courts.