Behind the Scenes with a Web Page

Behind every web page is a text document that includes codes for formatting the text, inserting pictures and other media files, and displaying links that point to other pages. This system of codes (commonly referred to as tags) is called HTML (Hypertext Markup Language).
Most codes are paired. The first code in the pair turns on the formatting, and the second code turns it off. For example, to type a heading such as “Apple Dumplin’s Home Page,” you use the heading codes like this:
<h1>Apple Dumplin’s Home Page</h1>
The <h1> code tells the web browser to display any text that follows the code as a level-one heading. The </h1> code tells the web browser to turn off the level-one heading format and return to ...

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