On Becoming a Team: The Basic Ways to Organize People
Even though infinite possible combinations of people are involved, you should structure the organization of a project in only a few basic ways. These include functional (or line) organizations, pure-project structures, matrix organizations, or mixed organizational structures. These structures may be distributed over multiple locations as well, making the organization more of a virtual team in cyberspace rather than a group of people in a defined location. And as you’d expect, each organization has its pros and cons.
The Functional Project Organization
On a project that uses people from the same functional group (like sales), you can use the existing line organization to manage the project. ...