Many scenes have a dynamic range (i.e., the range of brightness between the darkest and brightest points) that is too broad to be effectively captured in a single shot. In cases like this, there are four possible solutions:
Expose for the shadows. This preserves shadow detail but produces clipped, completely white highlights (Figure 9-34).
Expose for the midtones. This can swamp shadow detail while still producing burned-out highlights (Figure 9-35).
Figure 9-34. The shadows in this image are OK, but the highlights are burned out.
Expose for the highlights. This preserves highlight detail, but shadows turn ...