The Comte de Buffon (1707–88), Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744–1829)
1735 Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus publishes Systema Naturae, a system of biological classification that later helped to determine species’ ancestry.
1751 In “Système de la nature” French philosopher Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis introduces the idea that features can be inherited.
1831 Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire writes that sudden environmental change can cause a new species to develop from an existing organism.
1844 In Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, Scottish geologist Robert Chambers argues—anonymously—that simple creatures ...