Aristotle (c. 384–322 BCE)


c. 1500 BCE Different properties of plants are recognized by ancient Egyptians.


8th–9th centuries CE Islamic scholars of the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties translate many of Aristotle’s works into Arabic.

1551–58 Conrad Gessner’s History of Animals classifies the animals of the world into five basic groups.

1682 John Ray publishes his History of Plants, which lists more than 18,000 species.

1735 Carl Linnaeus devises a system of binomial names, the first consistent classification of organisms, according to which he names every species listed in his Systema Naturae.

From the beginning ...

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