IN CONTEXT

KEY FIGURES

Fred Urquhart (1911–2002), Norah Urquhart (1918–2009)

BEFORE

1883 The Bird Migration and Distribution recording program starts in the US.

1966 The North American Breeding Birds Survey, conducted by volunteers, begins in Maryland.

AFTER

2007 The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) launches a global online portal for collecting data on plants and animals from citizen scientists and professionals.

2010 The eBird online project, created in the US in 2002 by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology for volunteers to report real-time bird sightings, becomes a global survey.

Citizen science is research and observation ...

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