IN CONTEXT

KEY FIGURE

Ilkka Hanski (1953–2016)

BEFORE

1931 In the US, geneticist Sewall Wright explores the influence of genetic factors on species populations.

1933 In Australia, ecologist Alexander Nicholson and physicist Victor Bailey develop their model of population dynamics to describe the host–parasite relationship.

1954 In The Distribution and Abundance of Animals, Australian ecologists Herbert Andrewartha and Charles Birch challenge the idea that species populations are controlled by density alone.

AFTER

2007 American ecologist James Petranka links metapopulation theory to the metamorphosis stages of amphibians.

A metapopulation is ...

Get The Ecology Book now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.