IN CONTEXT

KEY FIGURE

John Crosbie (1931–)

BEFORE

1946 The International Whaling Commission is set up to review and control whaling, reversing a dramatic decline after centuries of hunting.

1972 Overfishing and a strong El Niño cause Peru’s coastal anchovy fisheries to crash—a blow to the national economy.

AFTER

2000 The World Wildlife Fund places cod on its endangered species list and launches a UK Oceans Recovery Campaign.

2001 Jeremy Jackson and other marine biologists trace the history of overfishing.

2010 The UNESCO Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 calls for a tenth of coastal and marine areas to be protected by 2020.

In 1992, one piece of ...

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