IN CONTEXT

KEY FIGURE

George Perkins Marsh (1801–82)

BEFORE

1824 Joseph Fourier, a French physicist, describes the greenhouse effect—later identified as a contributing factor in global warming.

1830s Scientists posit that the Dutch colonization of Mauritius in the 17th century caused the dodo to become extinct.

AFTER

1962 In the US, Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring describes the harmful effect of pesticides on the environment.

1971 Greenpeace is founded by American environmentalists.

1988 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is set up to assess the “risk of human-induced climate change.”

The widely held view that the natural world ...

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