O'Reilly logo

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

The Ecology of Coexistence and Conflict in Cyprus

Book Description

What is the significance of sustainable resource management for the functioning of Mediterranean island societies? How do human-environment relations reflect in a multi-ethnic religious landscape? This book poses these questions in the context of the Ottoman, British, and modern history of Cyprus. It explores the socio-ecological dimension of the Cyprus conflict and considers the role of local environmental practices for historical coexistence and modern division. The book synthesizes theoretical approaches from the research on 'religion and ecology' with the anthropology of Cyprus, with the goal to develop and establish an ecological perspective on coexistence and conflict in the Mediterranean. Religion is seen as the place where local representations of nature and traditions of resource management are generated and maintained. The work takes a comparative look at the impact of Eastern Orthodox and Islamic institutions on the island's landscape, as well as the religious and economic practices of the rural peasant communities. The findings are then spelled out in the context of current discourses on religion, environmental ethics, and social justice.

Table of Contents

  1. Religion and Society
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Acknowledgements
  5. Table of Contents
  6. 1. Introduction
    1. Part I
    2. Part II
    3. Part III
  7. PART I
    1. 2. Chapter 1: Nature, culture and religion in theory: an exploration of ideas
      1. 2.1. Tracing Western thought on nature
      2. 2.2. Culture and religion in classical evolution
      3. 2.3. Nature and culture in American neo-evolutionism
        1. 2.3.1. Religion in American neo-evolutionism
      4. 2.4. Ecosystem and religion: restoring balance on islands
        1. 2.4.1. Ecosystem and religion I: Roy Rappaport
        2. 2.4.2. Ecosystem and religion II: Stephen Lansing
      5. 2.5. From contextuality to cognition: sum ergo cogito
        1. 2.5.1. Sharing culture through ecological relations
        2. 2.5.2. Folk-ecology and religious belief
        3. 2.5.3. Religion and adaption
    2. 3. Chapter 2: Nature, culture and religion in Mediterranean context
      1. 3.1. The prehistory of islands settlement: inputs from the Mediterranean Neolithic
      2. 3.2. Contemplating cultural unity: three synoptics of the historical Mediterranean
        1. 3.2.1. Honour and shame: a Mediterranean unity of values
    3. 4. Chapter 3: Environmental ethics and eco-theology: a discourse on values
      1. 4.1. Indigeneity and the ethics of nature conservation
      2. 4.2. The historical roots of our ecological crisis
      3. 4.3. Eastern Orthodox eco-theology: tracing Eastern thoughts on nature
        1. 4.3.1. Principles of Orthodox eco-theology: icons, liturgy and asceticism
      4. 4.4. Islamic eco-theology: the doctrine of unity
        1. 4.4.1. Creation as trust: principles of Islamic nature conservation
      5. 4.5. Eastern Orthodox and Islamic eco-theology in comparison
  8. PART II
    1. 5. Chapter 4: Cyprus in the Ottoman Mediterranean: a historical introduction to Part II
      1. 5.1. New paradigms for an Ottoman Mediterranean
      2. 5.2. Agricultural patterns, agrarian cycles and the rural economy
      3. 5.3. Ottoman island society and state-peasant relations
      4. 5.4. The Church of Cyprus as Ottoman stakeholder: an economy of nation-building
    2. 6. Chapter 5: The ecology of coexistence
      1. 6.1. The texture of neighbourhood: from social to ecological parameters
      2. 6.2. Religious belonging and residential patterns in Ottoman Cyprus
      3. 6.3. The Ottoman system of land administration
      4. 6.4. Land, forests and water: ecological strategies of Ottoman Cyprus
    3. 7. Chapter 6: Religion and ecology in pre-modern Cyprus
      1. 7.1. Institutional conservation and resource management
      2. 7.2. Local religion: property, folklore and ethno-ecology
        1. 7.2.1. Folklore studies: tree worship and the problem of survivals
      3. 7.3. Syncretism and the discourse on Mediterranean plurality
      4. 7.4. Syncretism in Cyprus: developing an eco-cognitive approach
  9. PART III
    1. 8. Chapter 7: From colonial rule to modern division: a historical introduction to Part III
      1. 8.1. Colonial division
      2. 8.2. Post-colonial division
    2. 9. Chapter 8: the ecology of conflict
      1. 9.1. British colonial landscapes: a vision of orderliness and control
        1. 9.1.1. British agricultural reforms: modernizing property
      2. 9.2. The rise of the real-estate market: commodification and conflict
        1. 9.2.1. The land market as a setting of ethnic conflict
      3. 9.3. Property relations after division: the property issue
    3. 10. Chapter 9: Nature conservation and sustainability in conflict discourse
      1. 10.1. An environmental conflict? Nature conservation and inter-communal relations
      2. 10.2. The Akamas issue: a tragedy of the commons
      3. 10.3. Environmentalism in Cyprus: a post-colonial perspective
      4. 10.4. Nationalism and the ecumenical: considering ecclesiastical politics
        1. 10.4.1. A concern for landscape: the Church and the cultural heritage in the North
  10. 11. Conclusion
  11. 12. Appendix
  12. 13. Bibliography
  13. Subject Index