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The Ecology of Law by Ugo Mattei, Fritjof Capra

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CHAPTER 2From Kósmos to Machine

The Evolution of Early Western Scientific Thought

The historical and conceptual links between science and jurisprudence begin in Greek antiquity. From the beginning of Greek philosophy in the sixth century B.C.E., philosophers viewed the world as a Kósmos, an ordered and harmonious structure, more a living organism rather than a mechanical system. All of nature’s parts had an innate purpose and contributed to the harmonious functioning of the whole, and objects moved naturally toward their proper places in the universe. Such an explanation of natural phenomena in terms of their goals or purposes is known as teleology, from the Greek télos (purpose), and this explanation permeated virtually all of Greek philosophy ...

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