5 Four decades of permanent enlargement of the union and its dangers

As Cold War confrontations after World War II mobilized the United States to build a Western alliance system, American policy naturally aimed to enlarge these alliances as much as possible. The logical first step in building the “alliance of the free world” was the incorporation of Western Europe – which had been liberated and, for a while, militarily controlled by American forces – into the alliance. During the 1950s and 1960s, this goal motivated the United States government to push West European integration with the larger goal of working towards a kind of federal unity. That was, however, only the first step in alliance building. Consecutive American administrations urged ...

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