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The Economist Book of Isms by John Andrews

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d

Dadaism A cultural movement, originating in 1916 in Zurich, that reacted against the barbarism of the first world war, viewing traditional “bourgeois” art as being complicit in that war. Dadaism, described by its followers as “anti-art”, attracted artists such as the French Marcel Duchamp (1887–1968) and the German Max Ernst (1891–1976). Its influence spread also to literature, with the German Kurt Schwitters (1887–1948), for example, composing “sound poems” and several composers writing “Dada” music. Dadaism was in many ways a forerunner of surrealism – and also of punk.

Darbyism The doctrines of John Nelson Darby (1800–82), an Anglo-Irish evangelist whose teachings were adopted by the Plymouth Brethren, a strict sect of Protestant Christianity ...

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