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The Economist Book of Isms by John Andrews

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Jacksonianism The political philosophy of Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), seventh president of America from 1829 to 1837, characterised by a laissez-faire approach to the economy and a desire to spread popular democracy while strengthening the presidency at the expense of Congress.

Jacobinism The political ideology of the Jacobins, a ruthless political group – known as the Club des Jacobins and the Société des Amis de la Constitution – formed, originally by Breton politicians, in 1789 in the immediate aftermath of the French Revolution. The aim was to safeguard the gains of the revolution against any reaction from the aristocrats, but the club split in 1791 over a petition calling for the removal of Louis XVI, with less extreme members forming ...

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