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The Economist Book of Isms by John Andrews

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r

Racialism Another, less common, word for racism.

Racism The belief that races are not equal, and so the practice of prejudice and discrimination against someone of a different, supposedly inferior race. Racism has undoubtedly existed throughout history: the ancient Greeks and Romans called foreigners “barbarians”, a word with a pejorative nuance. Racism towards the natives of their colonies was a common feature of European imperialism and an obvious component of slavery in America (whose black population still suffers from acts of racism despite equal-opportunity legislation). It also underlay Adolf Hitler’s notion of Aryan supremacy and the Nazis’ persecution of the Jews. One of the clearest practices of racism in more modern times was the ...

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