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The Economist Book of Isms by John Andrews

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Tantrism A religious philosophy, found in much of Asia, that involves adherence to the teachings of the tantras – Hindu and Buddhist mystical texts dating from the 6th to the 13th centuries – and practices such as meditation and yoga. The term comes from the Sanskrit tan, meaning loom or weave, denoting in this sense continuity. Basic to tantrism is the idea of channelling universal energy to seek the liberation of the self.

Taoism A Chinese philosophy, derived from the teachings of Lao-tzu (also transliterated as Laozi and literally meaning old man), a 6th-century BC contemporary of Confucius (551–479BC), which emphasises humility and piety. Tao (sometimes transliterated as Dao) roughly means “the way”, and is thought of as a force running ...

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