Many writers on leadership take considerable pains to distinguish between leaders and managers. In the process, leaders generally end up looking like a cross between Napoleon and the Pied Piper, and managers like unimaginative clods. This troubles me. I once heard it said of a man, “He’s an utterly first-class manager but there isn’t a trace of the leader in him.” I am beginning to believe that he does not exist. Every time I encounter utterly first-class managers they turn out to have quite a lot of the leader in them.

—John Gardner

Not the cry, but the flight of the wild duck leads the flock to follow.

—Chinese Proverb

The most prevalent approach to leadership development in recent years has been the competency movement. ...

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