The Bilingual’s and Multilingual’s Repertoire: Code-Mixing, Code-Switching, and Communication Accommodation
Code-Switching and Grammatical Theory
Code-switching is the alternate use of two (or more) languages within the same utterance, as illustrated in (1) (Belazi, Rubin, and Toribio 1994).
Code-switching of the sort shown in (1), in which an alternation occurs below sentential boundaries, is known as intrasentential code-switching, whereas switching between sentences is known as intersentential code-switching. Because grammatical theory is primarily focused on relations below the sentence level, research on grammatical aspects of code-switching has focused almost exclusively on intrasentential code-switching.
The chapter begins with a discussion of early research on code-switching, and the emergence of code-switching as a field of linguistic research. We then review a number of theoretical approaches to code-switching, focusing on a discussion of the implications of current research in syntactic theory for the analysis of code-switching data. We end with some comments regarding directions for future research in code-switching.
First, however, a brief word on appropriate data in code-switching research is in order. A recurring controversy in the ...